How to make money on renting special equipment
In the construction of buildings can not do without special equipment. Dump trucks, excavators, cranes, bulldozers, loaders, rollers are absolutely necessary at the construction site, but not all construction companies have their own machinery fleet, many prefer to rent it. The same is true in agriculture: farmers cannot afford to buy equipment, because it is expensive and pays off for a long time, and turn to companies that provide rental of special equipment.
Special equipment rental business is developed in many countries, and Russia is no exception. This type of entrepreneurial activity requires large investments at the beginning, but with proper planning and a reasonable assessment of the state of the market it brings a steady income. Money is required for the purchase of their own equipment, parking equipment, advertising, maintenance of equipment and payment of services of the driver and the master.
Opening a special equipment rental business, you must first examine the supply and demand in your area. Beginning entrepreneurs usually follow two paths: they buy universal special equipment, which is used at any construction site, or highly specialized equipment, which is needed less often, but there are no similar offers on the rental market of special equipment. In the segment of popular special equipment one can consider, for example, an excavator loader intended for transporting materials, loading, unloading, digging trenches and pits. It is capable of digging to a depth of five meters and is of relatively small size, used in the construction of cottages and low-rise buildings.
What kind of special equipment to prefer: new or used, imported or domestic production? At present, mainly imported machines are presented on the special equipment market in Russia. The demand for them is high because they are of good quality. Prices for construction equipment of American, Japanese, European manufacturers sometimes exceed the cost of domestic equipment several times, but the advantage of imported cars are their characteristics. The Chinese and Korean equipment is much cheaper than American and European. It makes sense to buy used equipment only if there is full confidence in its good condition, otherwise you can just lose money. It is recommended to buy used cars only popular brands, as they are easier to find parts.
The cost of a British-made backhoe loader depends on the year of manufacture. Machines from 2005-2007 can be purchased for 1800-1900 thousand rubles, excavators that are more than 10 years old cost 1.5 million rubles or less. The new American grader costs 11-14 million rubles, the grader used in 2010 will cost about 7 million rubles. Chinese bulldozer with engine 220 hp 2008 is sold for 4 million rubles.
According to Russian law mandatory registration Gostekhnadzor to be self-propelled road-building machines: tractors, excavators, bulldozers, graders, scrapers, cranes and truck cranes, aerial platforms, forklifts and lift trucks, lifts, electric vehicles, snow machines, rollers and vibratory rollers, harvesters, mowers and other special equipment with engine size of more than 50 cubic centimeters, not subject to registration in the traffic police. Special equipment is registered at the location of the owner. State duty for registration is 1900 rubles. The cost of legal services is 4-5 thousand rubles. When changing the name of the organization-owner of special equipment, you should make changes to the passport of the machine and re-register the equipment.
One more important point is to decide which is better: registration of an IP or LLC. Obviously, if the enterprise is opened by one person, it is reasonable to register the individual entrepreneur and to issue special equipment to his property. This is easier than opening an LLC, and you can use a simplified tax system with a rate of 6%. However, if you plan to cooperate with large customers, the LLC form is preferable, since serious companies need the landlord to work with VAT, because they can later return these 18 percent from the budget. Yes, and just need to take into account the fact that the company is more credible than the SP, such a stereotype.
After choosing a technique, the most serious is the choice of the operator. The applicant must not only have experience with similar equipment, but also be responsible for their business. On how much it will be a competent and decent person, half the success of the entire enterprise depends. Age can also matter, as when working on some machines need a good physical form. The driver must have a certificate issued after passing special courses, but even the presence of a document confirming a high level of specialization cannot guarantee that you are a pro. Unfortunately, most of the breakdowns of special equipment are due to incompetence or irresponsibility of the operator.